- Saint, theologian, bishop of Hippo Regius in Africa (q.v.) from around 396 until his death in 430. His theology, which had a great impact on the western church, developed chiefly from his opposition to three major heresies: Manichaeanism, Donatism, and Pelagianism (qq.v.). It was also a product of his personal experience of conversion, which he describes in his celebrated Confessions. His City of God was prompted by the fall of Rome to Alaric (qq.v.) in 410 and by pagan criticism that Christianity was responsible for the decline of Rome. Augustine's response was to remind Christians that they are citizens of the heavenly City of God, and only temporary sojourners in the earthly city, whose decline and destruction they should accept. The influence of this viewpoint can be seen in Orosius's (q.v.) History against the Pagans.
Historical Dictionary of Byzantium . John H. Rosser .
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Augustine — Gerard O’Daly 1 LIFE AND PHILOSOPHICAL READINGS Augustine was born in Thagaste (modern Souk Ahras in Algeria) in Roman North Africa in AD 354. He died as bishop of Hippo (now Annaba, Algeria) in 430. His education followed the standard Roman… … History of philosophy
AUGUSTINE° — (354–430), bishop of Hippo (North Africa) and outstanding church Father of Western Christianity. Born in Tagaste in North Africa to mixed Christian/pagan parentage, Augustine was educated at the University of Carthage, abandoned his faith… … Encyclopedia of Judaism
Augustine — or Augustin may refer to:People* Augustine of Hippo (354 430), the Church Father and patron of the Augustinians * Augustine of Canterbury (d. 604), the first Archbishop of Canterbury * D. J. Augustin (b. 1987), American basketball player * Jerry… … Wikipedia
Augustine — steht für: einen weiblichen Vornamen; siehe Augustine (Vorname) einen Hersteller von Gitarrensaiten; siehe Gitarrensaite einen Vulkan in Alaska; siehe Mount St. Augustine eine Insel in Alaska; siehe Augustine Island den früheren Namen der… … Deutsch Wikipedia
Augustine — m English form of the Latin name Augustīnus (a derivative of AUGUSTUS (SEE Augustus)). Its most famous bearer is St Augustine of Hippo (354–430), perhaps the greatest of the Fathers of the Christian Church. He formulated the principles followed… … First names dictionary
augustine — ● augustine nom féminin Moniale ou religieuse dont la congrégation se réfère à la conception de la vie religieuse de saint Augustin. (On compte une cinquantaine de congrégations d augustines : la plupart sont hospitalières.) ● augustin, augustine … Encyclopédie Universelle
Augustine — Au*gus tine, Augustinian Au gus*tin i*an, n. (Eccl.) A member of one of the religious orders called after St. Augustine; an Austin friar. [1913 Webster] … The Collaborative International Dictionary of English
Augustine — (adj.) c.1400 in reference to members of the religious order named for St. Augustine the Great (354 430), bishop of Hippo … Etymology dictionary
Augustine — Augustine, baumwollenes od. seidenes, 7/8 Elle breites Zeug, bei Rouen verfertigt … Pierer's Universal-Lexikon
Augustine — of Hippo, St … Philosophy dictionary
Augustine's — Augustine of Hippo, St … Philosophy dictionary